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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Executive Summary: Secure Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

Long-term Residential (Secure) Substance Abuse Treatment Programs are community-based, full service, long-term substance abuse therapeutic communities (secure indicates a long-term program, not a program in a locked facility) with two components. The Intensive Treatment Component (ITC) lasts up to twelve (12) months. During the ITC the offender only participates in counseling and therapeutic and educational activities at the residential facility. The Employment/Re-Entry component (ERC) lasts six (6) months with a primary focus on successful re-entry into the community. During the ERC gaining and maintaining employment is incorporated into the offenders treatment plan. The offender resides in the treatment facility while maintaining gainful employment in the community. In this component the offender participates in a minimum of six hours of counseling per week. The residential program is staffed by paid awake staff 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Programs receiving funds through the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) federal grant are considered RSAT programs.

Profiles of Secure Residential Program Facilities On June 30, 2003

Facility Start Date Number of Beds
Bradenton DTC/Operation PAR June 1993 118
Phoenix House* November 1993 214
First Step September 1991 10
Operation PAR September 1991 75
Spectrum-Broward September 1991 45
Spectrum-Dade January 1995 33
TOTAL 495
Average Per Diem $45.60
* Formerly known as Daytop Ocala November 1993 June 1999.

Workload

Table 2A: Secure Drug Treatment Program Enrollment Data by Fiscal Year
  • Secure programs began with only 188 new enrollments in the start-up year, and increased substantially in the next three (3) years. Enrollments have remained relatively constant since 1994-95. This year's enrollments total 750.
  • For FY 2002-03, 1,067 different offenders participated in a Secure program.
  • On any given day, as seen in the June 30th offender counts for each year, there are about 468 offenders in the programs.
  • Since 1991, the programs have served 11,293 different offenders.
Table 2B: Secure Drug Treatment FY 2002-03 Program Enrollment Data by Facility
  • The programs vary substantially in size. While First Step had twelve (12) offenders on June 30, 2003, Phoenix House had 195 offenders.

Outcomes

Table 2C(a): Secure Drug Treatment, Program Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a three (3) year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. If they participated in more than one (1) program, they are counted as successful if they completed at least one (1) program.
  • On average, Secure programs had a 38.1% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits).
  • Success rates have dropped over the seven (7) year period, from 44.9% to 41.3%.
  • The proportion of offenders whose final program outcome is an administrative exit has decreased over the history of the programs from 23.0% to 16.0%.
Table 2C(b): Secure TDrug reatment, Program Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a two (2) year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. For FY 2000-01, Secure programs had a 41.5% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits).
Table 2D: Secure Drug Treatment FY 2002-03 Exit Data (Event-Based) by Facility
  • Looking at the outcome of the offender's experience in each program from which they exited, the success rate varies from 58.7% for Spectrum to 43.3% for Operation PAR.
  • On average, these programs had a 43.9% success rate with offenders exiting their program during this fiscal year. Administrative exits averaged 15.1% for the year. As seen in the prior table, many of these administrative exits lead to subsequent enrollments in other programs.

Recommitments

Table 2E: Secure Drug Treatment FY 2000-01 (2-Year Follow-up), Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • At two (2) years after program exit, recommitment rates for Secure program completers are substantially lower than for program non-completers (19.2% vs. 57.2%). This pattern holds true for each type of recommitment.
  • Completers (7.1%) are slightly lower in total recommitments to community supervision (for either a new offense or technical violation) than non-completers (14.1%)
  • Prison recommitment rates for program completers are much smaller than non-completers (10.4% vs. 38.8%).
Table 2F: Secure Drug Treatment FY 1999-00 (3-Year Follow-up), Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • For a three (3) year follow-up period, Secure program completers remain lower than non-completers in overall recommitments (35.7% vs. 62.6%), and this pattern is true for all recommitment types except return to supervision for a new offense.
  • The greatest differences are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical violations) for completers (22.4%) versus non-completers (49.4%).
Table 2G: Secure Drug Treatment FY 1998-99 (4-Year Follow-up), Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • While the overall recommitment rate increases, program completers remain significantly lower than non-completers (42.9% vs. 66.1%).
  • About 10.7% of completers were recommitted to supervision (new offense or technical), compared to 6.5% for non-completers.
  • The greatest differences are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical violations) for completers (21.0%) versus non-completers (49.7%).
Table 2H: Secure Drug Treatment FY 1997-98 (5-Year Follow-up), Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • For this cohort, at five (5) years after program completion, recommitments average 43.1% for program completers and 75.5% for non-completers.
  • Completers are slightly higher (15.7%) than non-completers (15.0%) in returns to supervision, but remain significantly lower for prison commitments (27.3% vs. 60.5%).
Table 2I: Secure Drug Treatment FY 1996-97 (6-Year Follow-up), Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • For this cohort, at six (6) years after program completion, recommitments average 51.6% for program completers and 78.0% for non-completers.
  • Program completers are more likely to serve another period of supervision (17.8% vs. 16.2%), but are substantially lower in prison commitments (33.7% vs. 61.7%).